In this paper I wrote for a philosophy of mind course I explain the argument Jageon Kim made for the mind being an epiphenomenon, that is a phenomenon that is caused but does not cause. This of course is counter to most people’s common sense notion that what they will is what they cause. Robert Audi responds to Kim, claiming that the mind’s causal powers are fundamental in some sense, as well as attacks Kim’s method for determining a cause. I attempt to make sense of this claim and reply to Audi’s criticism. I claim this is a meditation on the problem because it act as a kind of introduction to the reader so they may think more about this and possible provide some insights and solutions to this issue.
Epiphenomenalism and the pairing problem
To be an accurate account of Kim’s epiphenomenalism the question marks (?) should be between M1 and M2, and M1 and P2. The question marks indication a question: does M1 cause either M2 or P2? Kim’s initial response is “no”.